Traditional Thai musical instruments

Traditional Thai musical instruments are the musical instruments used in the traditional and classical musics of Thailand. They comprise a wide range of wind, string, and percussion instruments played by both the Thai majority as well as the nation's ethnic minorities. In the traditional Thai system of organology, they are classified into four categories, by the action used in playing

Traditional Thai musical instruments's genre

Plucking (plucked string instruments)


Plucked string instruments are a subcategory of string instruments that are played by plucking the strings. Plucking is a way of pulling and releasing the string in such as way as to give it an impulse that causes the string to vibrate. Plucking can be done with either a finger or a plectrum.

Plucking (plucked string instruments)'s instruments list

Bowing (bowed string instruments)


Most bowed string instruments have two strings (e.g. Erhu and Gaohu), although some of them have four, such as the sihu and the gehu. Bowed string instruments mainly refer to instruments of the huqin category, which are used in solos, ensembles and accompaniments. Although bowed stringed instruments have a shorter history than other folk instruments, with beautiful sounds and rich expressiveness, they are deeply loved by all ethnic minorities in China. Moreover, they have various tone colors, some being elegant and tender; some clear and bright; and some vigorous, cheerful, and melodious.

Bowing (bowed string instruments)'s instruments list

Striking (percussion instruments and hammered dulcimer)


There are many members in the family of percussion instruments, all of which possess distinguished features. Though their tone colors are simple, some of them cannot even be regarded as musical sounds. They play a vital role in enhancing the atmosphere of the music. The percussion instruments produce sounds through striking, rubbing, or shaking. Some of them can be used as melody instruments.

Striking (percussion instruments and hammered dulcimer)'s instruments list

Blowing (wind instruments)


Wind instruments can be roughly divided into the reedless pipe, the double reed pipe, and the reed pipe. The flute is the most popular among the reedless. Either with or without membranes, it is unique and has a variety of sounds. It is the most popular type of folk wind instrument in Yunnan Province, most of which use copper sheets as their reeds.

Blowing (wind instruments)'s instruments list